Your message was sent successfully. We will contact you soon. Full Name:. Message Tell us about your needs. Where did you hear about us? Home Portfolio Blog Call Us. It cannot be expressed of what efficacy these words were: they were in a moment carried through the whole Army, and it seemed as if some vertue from heaven had given courage to the French. Some other attempts he afterwards made, which did not succeed; and he retired by night into the Country of Artois, where he dismissed his Army.
There rested now no appearance of the League in France, but onely the Duke of Merceur, yet keeping a corner of Brittany. He had been lost without remedy, if he had not been advised to save himself, by offering his only daughter to the eldest son of the Fair Gabriella Dutchess of Beaufort; who is at this day Duke of Vendosme.
The And for the Marquesate of Saluces, which that Duke had taken from France, towards the latter end of the Reign of Henry the third, that it should be remitted to the judgement of the holy Father, who was to decide that controversie in a year. Briefly containing what he did after the Peace of Vervin, made in the year That which afterwards produced very ill effects.
He praised those who were clad in this sort, and chid the others, who carried, said he, their Mills, and their Woods and Forests on their backs. He was old when the King gave him this Charge; and therefore said himself, That he onely entred into it, to go out of it. They agreed both in this point, that they loved the Estate and Royalty with passion, and that they had great judgement: but for the rest of their humours, they were very much different.
Germain, and Fontainbleau. He discoursed often with them apart, calling them one after another; and he did so, either to oblige them to speak to him with more liberty, or not to tell them all together what he would onely tell to some particularly; or for some other reason which he without doubt deduced from good policy. He said, That he found none amongst them who satisfied him like Villeroy; and that he could dispatch more business with him in an hour, then with the others in a whole day.
In effect, he was a man of good order, exact, a good husband, a keeper of his word; not prodigal nor proud, nor carried away by vain follies or expences, or play, or women, or any other things not convenient for a man entrusted with such an Employment. When he trusted him with his Revenues, he desired him that he would never take a bottle of wine, or any the least present without advertising him. That being come to the Crown during the flames of a Civil War, he had ran where ever he had beheld the greatest fire to extinguish it.
That now he had peace, he would endeavour again to raise up those two Pillars of France, to wit, Piety and Justice. That God willing he would restore the Church to as good an Estate as it was in the time of Lewis xii. I am all Gray without, but you shall find me Gold within.
I will see your desires, and answer them the most favourably I can possible. His Duty and his Conscience carried him to the assistance of the first; but Reason of State, and the great Obligations he had to the last, permitted him not to make them despair. To keep therefore a necessary temperature, he granted them an Edict more ample then the precedent. He had done what possibly he could to obtain the Investiture of the Dutchy on this Bastard; who not able to obtain it, yet ceased not to take possession of it after the death of Alphonso the second; resolving to maintain it by force of Arms.
From whence came the present Dukes of Modena.
He was yet but seven or eight years old: when he came to nine, the King gave him the Government of Guyenne; loving him tenderly, and cherishing him as his presumptive Successour. She was very spiritual, loved Learning, and knew much for a woman; but was an obstinate Hugonot. Before this, he had used all possible means to convert her, even to the employing of threats: but not being able to do it, he said one day to the Duke of Bar, My Brother, it is you must vanquish her.
This Marriage being made for the good of the Catholick Religion, it seemed that the Pope should have been content. It was necessary for God to lend his hand. Besides the solemnities of these Marriages, many other things entertained the Court.
It was said, that the holy Exhortations of his Mother, who from time to time put him in remembrance of his Vow, and some ambiguous words which the King had thrown out in converse with him, made him think that he could no longer live in the world either with safety of Conscience, or with Honour. After this, came News to the Court, that Phillipin, Bastard to the Duke of Savoy, was killed in a Duel by the Seigneur de Crequy: of whom it might be without flattery said, That he was one of the most gallant and bravest men of his time.
The History of this Combat may be found written in so many places, and is yet so firm in the memory of all that wear swords, that it would be superfluous to recount the particularities. Infinite account is made in all Countries in the world of like illusions in Hunting. Now if Prodigies are signes, as some have said of some great and dire Events, it may be believed that this presaged the strange death of the fair Gabriella, which happened some days after.
Those who love the glory of this great King, can difficultly believe that he would have done such an action which had without doubt begot a low opinion of him, and again thrown him under his peoples hatred. And without dissembling, he had his soul too tender towards Ladies. It was likewise said, that being one day much pressed by the Cardinal d'Ossat and by Sillery to give content to their Master, for want of which, said they, he may pass further, and espouse the Dutchess; he was so astonished at this discourse, that he immediately remitted the conduct of this Affair to the hand of God, commanded a Fast through all the City of Rome, and went himself to Prayers, to demand of God to inspire him with what should be best for his glory.
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That at the end of his Prayer he cryed out as if he had been revived from an Extasie, God hath provided; and that in few days after, there arrived a Courrier at Rome, bringing News of the death of the Dutchess. The causes of her death were diversly spoken of: but however, it was a happiness to France, since it deprived the King of an object for which he was about to loose both himself and his Estate. All good French-men passionately desired that so good a King might leave legitimate Children.
The first was the want of consent: for she alledged she had been forced to it by King Charles the ix. The second, the Proximity of Kindred found between them in the third degree: for which she said there had never been any valuable Dispensation. And Alincour in seven days brought him the news to Fountain-bleau. He assisted at present at that famous Conference or Dispute between James David du Perron Bishop of Eureux, afterwards Cardinal, and Philip du Plessis Mornay; where truth nobly triumphed over falsehood. This Count was about the age of thirty years, and she about eighteen. It was these, who by commending the Beauties, the Carriage, the Spirit, and the divertizing and pleasant discourse of Madamoiselle d' Entragues, made him first have a desire to see and to love her.
They could never have done a worse Service for their Master then this.
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Her refusals and modesty did more and more provoke the Kings Passion. Hereupon she let him understand, that she even dispaired that she could not keep her word with him; that it was necessary to have the consent of her Father and Mother, for which on her part she would labour. That at his departing from the Gallery, the King entred into his Closet, and demanded a pen and inke, and that he believed it was to write another. Now in Seven years after, to wit, in the year Those of the Duke who assisted, alledged in favour of their Master, that piece appertained to him as being a Fief dependant of Savoy, and that he had more essential titles to prove that dependancy, which it was necessary to see, to decide the difference with knowledge of the cause.
The French during that time sollicited strongly at Rome to have it decided. The Savoyards defended it onely at extremity, and that for fear to lose their cause by default. In effect, that year there had been three discovered, of which that which made most noise was of a woman, who offered to the Count of Soissons to poison him; but the Count discovered it, and she was buried alive in the Greve.
He said that his Ambassador had sent him word, that he had heard the King say, that if they were together, they would decide this difference like friends; and that it was this good word had set him on his voyage. Moreover, he had indeed received some displeasures from the Ministers of Spain; and he spread a report abroad, were it true or not, that he had undertaken this voyage without communicating any thing to Philip the third his Brother-in-law.
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And some said his Heart was covered with mountains, as well as his Country; that is, because that he was Hulch-back't, as Savoy was mountainous. But the Chapiter of St. He told him his friends, his ways, and his intelligences for that: he would make him believe that he would open his heart to him; that he was an absolute French-man, and desired to fix himself to the interests of France without reserve.
The Duke of Bar was in a concealed habit at this Jubilee: he went to demand absolution of the holy Father; but his submission, how great soever, could not obtain it; nor had he it till the death of Madam Katherine his Wife. There was no Civility or Courtesie which the King shewed not to the Duke: but after all, he released not to him the Marquisate.
The King knew him well; and often seeing him very familiar with Byron, he had the goodness to tell the Marshall more then once, Let not that man approach you; he is a plague; be will ruine you. He believed that he ought him his Crown, that he could refuse him nothing, and that he should govern him absolutely. There were granted him to this purpose three entire moneths, which was to the end of February in the year sixteen hundred. The Duke finds new delays, but promises him dayly that he will satisfie him.
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In fine, the Count of Fuentes, Governour of Milain, had order, but two moneths later then was necessary puissantly to assist this Prince. But in a little time the French Nobility and the Adventurers flocked to him on all sides, as as if they had come to a Marriage or a Ball. Crequy entring into Savoy, gained the City of Montmelian about midnight, but not the Castle. For the King testified, that he put not so much trust in him, nor treated him with the same freedome he had done before; and he committed the principal direction of this Conquest to Lesdiguieres, who indeed better knew the Country, and the manner of making War in those Mountains then he.
From this time he had none but extravagant and criminal thoughts, and began, as it was said, to treat a League with the Savoyard, for the re-kindling a new Civil War in France. Theodorus Beza the chief as well in age as in Doctrine of all the Hugonot Ministers, made him a Speech in few words.
At the same time the King, whose thoughts of his marriage the War had not interrupted, imbarqued on the Rhone, and went down to Lyons; where the Queen his new Spouse was arrived, and expected him. However, when they saw the Citadel of Bourg reduced to extremity, they instantly sollicited the Legat to renew the first earnests of the Treaty. The Duke appropriating to himself the Marquisate, took a troublesome Thorn out of his foot, or rather a Sword which pierced through his body; and put himself in security. For whilst the French held it, he durst not go out of Turin but with three or four hundred horse for his Convoy; and he was forced to maintain great Garisons in the midle of his Country.
Some time after her arrival, he led her to see his buildings of St. Germain in Laye. For he had his soul too great, and his genius too elevated, to dedicate it self wholly to such mean things, much less to fix it on vain amusements. It is true, that he built, that he hunted, that he was merry; but this was without diverting himself too much from his affairs, without abandoning the helme of his estate, which he held as firmely and diligently during the Calme, as during the Tempest.
The Count of Fuentes having raised a great army to assist the Savoyard, was troubled that the peace had deprived him of the occasion to employ them. Some places he had taken in Picardy during the War between the two Crowns, had created a vanity in him, and made him believe that he should alwaies gain the advantage over the French. For to tell the truth, he had more reason to fear their Knives and Daggers then their Swords.
In fine, the Spaniards having found that this wise Argus had too many eyes, and too much vigilance to be surprized on any side; resolved to employ their Arms in pious and honorable enterprizes. A part of their Land-Army passed into Hungary, which was at that present assaulted by the Turks. Nor was there any doubt made, but that he would have quite chased them out of that Kingdom, of which they had invaded more then one half, if he had not died the year following of a burning Feavour, which seized him at Nurembourg, as he was about to go pay his devotions at the Shrine of the Lady of Loretto.
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The Magistrate, to prevent the Tragick effects of this fury, was constrained to do an injustice, and to violate the freedom of the Ambassadors house; for he seized by force, and led the accused to prison. The Spaniard remitted the Process and the Prisoners; whom his Holiness consigned some days after into the hands of the Count of Bethune, Ambassador for France at Rome; and the King afterwards sent an Ambassador into Spain, which was the Count of Barraut.
This Queen endeavoured by all means possible, to make known to the French her greatness and power.